Reimagine waste jackfruit

NXplorers students in Sri Ramakrishna High School, India, reimagined the use of waste jackfruit to develop an energy solution that would create an economic alternative for farmers, and lead to a cleaner, greener environment.

Up to 40 per cent of the food produced in India is either lost or wasted*. Even though India is the largest jackfruit producer in the world, only a small amount is used. Most of the fruit is left to ripen and spoil. Not only does this cause a lot of food wastage, it means that farmers make less money, and it also has a negative effect on health as the rotting fruit increases the risk of diseases spread by mosquitos.

The NXplorers students came up with the idea to reimagine waste jackfruit as an alternative fuel and rethink waste in their communities. Their idea was firmly rooted in driving a sustainable change that would support farmers to switch to an eco-friendly fuel option. These are the steps they followed…

Recollect Paper

The Omani NXplorers student team wanted to stop the high percentage of waste paper being disposed of inadequately. While it is one of the largest culprits leading to a build-up of waste, it is a problem that is easy to intervene and act upon. They began by setting up containers in different places around their school so that all paper could be collected at source and instantly recycled.

Reconvert waste into natural fertiliser

After grinding all the paper down into smaller pieces, the students then developed a chemical solution that could convert the waste paper into a natural fertiliser. Paper is made of cellulose which can be a useful source of carbon for fertilisers - carbon provides energy for microorganisms that then break down organic matter. When the students mixed the chemical solution with the paper they were able to create a nutrient-rich, natural fertiliser. They tested the fertiliser and grew healthy batches of tomatoes, onion and mint plants - it was a success!

NXplorers students test their fertiliser formula

Revive circular habits

The NXplorers students discovered how a small change can make a big difference. Natural fertilisers nourish soil, improving its structure and its ability to hold water and nutrients, therefore improving plant growth. The students were able to start growing plentiful fruit and vegetables for the local Omani community, but they also implemented a long-term circular habit in their school that could continually create a positive impact, by reducing waste and pollution, for the long-term.

Plants treated with NXplorers students’ fertiliser

By developing a biofuel from waste jackfruits, the students helped their local community to rethink waste

NXplorers participant, Oman


The simple solution the NXplorers students developed embeds sustainable practices, enhances agricultural production and protects the environment. Their solution contributes to several UN SDGs overall, including 2, 12 and 13.

2. Zero Hunger

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

12. Responsible consumption and production

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

13. Climate action

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

المزيد PDF

UN SDGs diagram

Diagram of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals numbered in a large circle, each with a smaller diagram below to represent the specific Development Goal. All of the Development Goals are faded, apart from three of them:

2. Zero hunger
12. Responsible consumption and production
13. Climate action

Within the circle there are three circles in a triangle formation reading ‘Energy’, ‘Water’ and ‘Food’, with arrows to show how they are all interconnected.

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