Reimagine waste jackfruit

NXplorers students in Sri Ramakrishna High School, India, reimagined the use of waste jackfruit to develop an energy solution that would create an economic alternative for farmers, and lead to a cleaner, greener environment.

Up to 40 per cent of the food produced in India is either lost or wasted*. Even though India is the largest jackfruit producer in the world, only a small amount is used. Most of the fruit is left to ripen and spoil. Not only does this cause a lot of food wastage, it means that farmers make less money, and it also has a negative effect on health as the rotting fruit increases the risk of diseases spread by mosquitos.

The NXplorers students came up with the idea to reimagine waste jackfruit as an alternative fuel and rethink waste in their communities. Their idea was firmly rooted in driving a sustainable change that would support farmers to switch to an eco-friendly fuel option. These are the steps they followed…

Rethinking Banana Imports
The area of Birkat Al Mouz literally translates into Sea of Banana Palms in English as it was a region famous for being rich in bananas. But in recent decades, owing to environmental and economic pressures, farmers had started to grow different kinds of crops or sell their land for other commercial uses.To tackle both problems the students needed to address a knowledge gap that had developed, as to grow a plantation requires an extensive understanding of both the variety of seedlings and the microclimate and soil conditions to grow them successfully – an understanding that had diminished in recent years.

Three women in black clothes, one wearing a blue facemask, stand in a dusty street beside a stone wall, each holding a banana palm sprout

Researching The Problem

Beyond the climatic and economic pressures being put on farmers; the students were able to use NXthinking methodologies to identify two key factors that were hindering the community’s ability to grow banana palms.First, as peak hot season temperatures continue to rise and water scarcity concerns grow, the students acknowledged that these changing conditions were negatively affecting the growth of banana seedlings.Secondly, the students identified that as the numbers of banana palms declined over the years, so did the number of farm workers who had the experience or expertise to grow banana palms affectively. As farmers hired workers without the necessary experience in cultivating bananas, they found that they were no longer capable of effectively maintaining a crop of banana trees.

Four male children wearing white t-shirts stand in a banana palm grove each holding a banana palm sprout.

Restoring The Skills To Grow Banana Trees

Through the problem solving and prototype creation phase of the project, the NXplorers identified that there were numerous varieties of bananas being grown in the area, each of which required specific conditions and care to be cultivated effectively. Some suited the environmental conditions of certain areas more than others.

Taking their research to local farmers and the ministry of agriculture and local businesses, the NXplorers generated interest and support, building a critical mass of enthusiasm to rejuvenate the banana tree plantations of their region of Oman.

The local tourist board and other local institutions also got behind the project. A local business, Kawa Kava and the local Al-Ittihad Football Club sourced 120 trees from farms in Al Batinah and helped with logistics, while also giving the team a platform to reach an entirely new network of people.

As a result, this support brought people from the local community together to plant over 600 new banana palms. Local news outlets shared the story and reinvigorated local interest and appreciation for the bananas.

A row of banana palm sprouts

By developing a biofuel from waste jackfruits, the students helped their local community to rethink waste

NXplorers facilitator, Oman

How This Project Contributes To The UN SDGs

6. Clean water and sanitation
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

8. Decent work and economic growth
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

12. Responsible consumption and production
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

15. Life on land
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss



Diagram of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals numbered in a large circle, each with a smaller diagram below to represent the specific Development Goal. All of the Development Goals are faded, apart from four of them:

6. Clean water and sanitation
8. Decent work and economic growth
12. Responsible consumption and production
15. Life on land

Within the circle there are three circles in a triangle formation reading ‘Energy’, ‘Water’ and ‘Food’, with arrows to show how they are all interconnected.

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